What are the 5 decision-making skills?

10 leadership and decision making, leadership quiz- 2

The 5 decision-making skills that are critical to any leader and that’ll bring about any organizational transformation are:

1.   Critical factors identification

Critical factors that affect a decision’s outcome must be identified first. You must apply solid analytical and excellent interpretive skills in any critical decision-making process. Be strong-minded and firm in your initial analysis.

Identification helps in the determination of issues that need accountable addressing to enter into a deliberative evaluation and implementation process. 

2.   Options Evaluation

Accurate evaluation of available options is your next critical step. You must precisely establish key priorities that’ll go with the decision-making outcome- and evaluate possible repercussions.

Effective shaped up leaders do assess alternatives and compare the quality of possible results before they make conclusions. Be very clear on every reason behind your every evaluation.

3.   Outcomes anticipation

Your next critical decision making step is an outcome anticipatory exercise. You must forecast on logical consequences to every possible outcome. Adept transformational leaders draw logical inferences by creating tightly structured contexts and precisely defining anticipated outcomes. They can map the consequences of any available route ever before any conclusions are drawn.

You need to see possible outcomes beforehand. You must tell of various implications and shape your decisions in line. Factors like government policies, core principles, regulations, basic assumptions, and critical protocols must be consciously incorporated in decision-making processes. 

4.   Uncertainty Navigation

An effective leader must always steer their team around obstacles. Risk and uncertainty are vivid in every sphere of life. To be a cut above the nominal, a shaped up transformational decision-maker must assist their team to navigate risks and uncertainties.

autocratic leadership

Take responsibility when drawing inferences in any uncertain context. Even when ambiguity is experienced, once a certain path is taken, the best inference at that point is the justification. The future justifies the decision and responsibility are then taken in case of unexpected results.

5.   Proper reasoning

Proper reasoning in quantitative analysis contexts is a must for effective decision-making leaders. You must be skilled in the analysis, interpretation, and critical evaluation of vital information. Such data could be in various formats including tabulations, charts, and graphs, texts, or tables, and you must navigate your way around any.

You need to understand the numbers or data, and its implications on the options you are going for. Always remember that visionary leadership primarily begins at decision making.

How to improve your decision-making skills

Follow this to assist you in immediately improving your decision-making skills:

i.             Situation Identification

Recognizing problems is something that any member of a team or organization could do. Report issues following their magnitude and implication to the relevant department’s head or manager. Once you receive a report of that nature, schedule a meeting with all involved parties for closer examination. Do not be hasty in informing everyone else in the company.

ii.           Stipulate potential solutions

Take note and document all possible actions that could be taken to arrive at an amicable solution. In a meeting, share and evaluate each of them and ask for active participation in the process. List solutions, tabulate possible action points and assign champions to execute the decision/s.

iii.          Evaluate the Advantages and Disadvantages

Extensively evaluate pros and cons in every possible solution together with the team. See which options could proceed to the decision-making consideration stage. Do not be hasty. Wisely calculate all advantages and disadvantages vs your KPIs as an organization. 

iv.          Choose

Make a decision. Think about its short and long-term implications. You’ll always learn from decisions as the future is never known. Track performance and align the outcomes against expectations, pros, and cons.

Habits that help you grow your decision-making skills in the long run

a.    The arts

Arts and culture is a discipline that greatly grows your concentration ability, helps you unwind, and boosts your mood. Ultimately, habitually engaging in arts, crafts, culture- like music, playing new instruments, etc, will boost your decision-making skills. Try something unique every time. You could do sculpture making, for instance, or learn to play the harp.

b.    Learn a foreign language

Learning a new language sharpens another part of your brain. Develop writing skills and composition in the new language, or learn a programming language.

These activities help you in proper leisure time spending and also improves your CV.

c.    Socialize with people of different ages

Widening the range of ages of people you hang around with is very effective in expanding your thinking and perspectives of life. The older people will help you think ahead of time and be mindful of future events and challenges- like health, retirement, etc. The younger people will open your perspective to their energy, dreams, challenges, and give you confidence as you guide them.

Never try to eliminate any age set from your social circles. There’s something wonderful to experience or learn from each.

d.    Physical exercise

Whichever physical activity feels safe for you and of enjoyment, do it! In keeping away disease from lifestyle sedentary living, you’ll as well be keeping your mind sharp and ready for decision-making challenges.

What are the four components of decision making?

1.    Simplify the identified problem

Problems sometimes elicit a hasty response. Refrain from this if you are to become an effective decision-maker. Check the background of the issue. Is there anything to change or fix? What implications are there?

Do not overcomplicate the matter. Identify and then simplify it. Come up with an effective problem-solving path and engage concerned stakeholders in the process.

2.    Taking responsibility

Decisions once made are often irreversible. However, the outcome eventually justifies if they were good or tragic. Running enough pre-checks is key to agreeable grounds once results show up. Rather than take responsibility, some teams often get locked up in post mortems blame games of what could have been done better long after results show- leading to serious disagreements.

3.   The pivot

The pivot is the inevitable point of change of organizational direction in any dynamic market. Businesses today quickly become regressive or stagnant if they fail to recognize their pivotal periods. Be flexible. Detours are inevitable.

4.   Think differently

Times come in an organization when success or progress is only possible when the status quo is disrupted. No decision-making process equates another in every aspect. Think differently following prevailing dynamics.


  1. https://www.indeed.com/career-advice/career-development/decision-making-skills

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