The (EMAL) Educational Management Administration & Leadership- a peer-reviewed journal with an international scope, publishes original contributions in the field of educational administration, leadership, and management, from around the world. Primary research projects that are located in schools, and higher education and vocational institutions are included. But what is educational administration and management?
What is educational administration and management?
Educational management means education system administration in which groups apply combinations of human and material resources to plan, supervise, strategize, and then implement structures in executing an education system framework.
What are the aspects of educational management?
Overlapping aspects exist in educational administration, educational management, and educational leadership. The 3 concepts while being related are nonetheless different in their definitional complexity- depending on where they are applied.
The complexity of the educational management concept is evidenced by the inclusion of all related but subsidiary notions that include ethics, diversity, and culture within circles of different educational systems.
Your overall purpose as an educational management team leader is to efficiently and effectively create as well as maintain proper environments within any educational institutions in which you are placed, and promote success.
Besides success promotion, you’ll need to steer support, sustain effective learning and teaching, noting that different education systems and levels will inevitably bring about challenges that you must solve.
Striving to accomplish your goals then becomes a daily course that you must be willing to take, no matter the problems you face.
How do you overcome educational leadership challenges?
• Apply thoughtful practical management tactics
• Enlist and organize every available resource
• Believe in the vision you create and help your teams to buy into it
• Have guided and planned change
• Apply professional ethics
What can I do with an Educational Leadership Degree?
As a graduate with an educational leadership degree, you’ll often work in public, private, or charter schools at high levels.
In K-12 educational environments, those positions would include:
You will lead a school and oversee both teachers and the students. You’ll also be required to set goals, provide supervisory oversight, and encourage innovation within your school.
• Assistant Principal
You will shoulder most of the administrative tasks delegated by the principal. However, you’ll also be responsible for most instructional leadership requirements.
• District Administrator
District administrators oversee schools in a district.
You will be tasked with managing educational programs, handling budgets, and addressing the needs of all schools in an equitable manner.
In Government Agencies and Departments
If you have a Master’s degree in educational leadership, it could open up doors for you in the government sector.
• Education program specialist
An education program specialist carries out specialized work on initiatives to improve education levels within a State or country.
You would be responsible for managing grants, contracts, developing strategies, and assess the viability of implementable potential school programs.
• Performance improvement officer
The job of a performance improvement officer would be to assess and implement programs, recruit talented staff, manage finances for special programs, investigate resources and tools for schools, and aim for the success of the educational system the best way you can.
The 6 Emotional Leadership Styles in Educational Management
According to Goleman, Boyatzis, and McKee et al., there are 6 distinct emotional leadership styles. Four of these styles (Coaching, Authoritative, Democratic, and Affiliate) will promote harmony and positive outcomes in your leadership, while the last two (Pacesetting and Coercive) will create tension and must only be applied in special situations.
You’ll need to understand that using the right body language, applying adept listening skills, and shaping up your emotional intelligence are key behaviors that must be part of your culture as a successful team leader in any field.
The 6 emotional leadership skills are:
1. Authoritative (Visionary) Leadership
Here you’ll need to be inspiring, and move your team members toward common goals. You’ll disclose every move and apply empathy as your teams find their way.
When applying authoritative leadership, you’ll be chartering your school or educational department into new heights, or when there’s a dramatic new direction. You do not use it too often or on people more experienced than you are.
You develop the authoritative style by focusing on your expertise areas, empathy, self-confidence, and vision.
2. The Coaching Leader
As a coaching leader, your task will be connecting a team member’s personal goals with overall institutional or educational departmental goals.
You’ll focus on developing their skills while applying empathy all along. You’ll have to think ahead of everyone and develop in them adrift to planning long term, thus changing their conversations, approaches, and feedback.
3. The affiliative leader
To apply the affiliative style of leadership, you will focus on the emotional aspects of your team members. Be an expert in conflict resolution, optimism, and trust-building.
Harmony is the key element in connecting the people you lead and being especially mindful of their emotional needs.
4. The Democratic Leader
The key priority of democratic leadership is collaboration. You will need to gather all inputs, listen, and direct accordingly.
Consensus building thus becomes your leadership style. You must, however, take care not to apply this style with incompetent, inexperienced, or members that are not well informed about the matters at hand.
5. The pacesetting leader
As a pacesetter, you’ll focus on goal accomplishment and high performance. Everyone must operate at high standards.
Introduce techniques that produce excellent teamwork – like Kaizen and Six Sigma. Develop short but packed high-performance coaching sessions with team members, while all along shaping up your motivational skills.
6. The Commanding (Coercive) Leader
In coercive leadership, you apply autocratic approaches especially when crises arise. You give orders, threaten, and tighten control.
You must be cautious, though. Only apply this in crises to jump-start solutions and change, especially with problem employees. Only use it when it is very necessary and only for the short term.
To avoid the need to use the commanding style, learn to work on all important but not urgent tasks, manage crises ever before they occur, think on the go, and make proper decisions under great pressure.
Educational management administration and leadership are complex. As a team leader, you need to equip yourself well and go for the emotional educational leadership skill that best applies to your immediate situation.
- East Carolina University
- Bureau of Labor Statistics
- George Washington University
- Oxford Research Encyclopedia